Existence of public transport syndicate in Nepal is a common knowledge. Those who commute by bus, micros, and taxis, our stories might be somewhat similar. Clinging to the bus door, constantly struggling to grab a seat and getting stuck in the back end of the bus and not being able to get off on our stop because of the endless crowd inside it is an everyday bus trip.
While an ideal market would’ve had many public transport entrepreneurs, giving choices to the consumers, better quality service and competitive prices, it is not the case with this industry. The public transport syndicate is an ‘ill system’, as pointed out by the Supreme Court, which has in store a number of problems for commuters and prospective entrepreneurs alike.
First of all, overcrowding makes our travel hectic. Passengers are asked to squeeze in so that the bus can carry as many passengers as possible. The incentive behind this – more passengers, more revenue. Altogether this makes the journey unpleasant.
There is another more serious problem at hand – insurance coverage. The Act governing the public transportation – Motor Vehicle and Transport Management Act, 1949 mandates insurance of the passengers of a public transport vehicle according to the number of seats. That means the ones who get a seat on the bus are insured, while the ones clinging to the door aren’t… Like hanging on to the bus door wasn’t risky enough.
2. Barrier To Entry
For an entrepreneurial individual, getting into this industry is very costly – from making sure that one is in the good graces of the syndicate, to spending tons of money for acquiring a license for the vehicle. The syndicate has put a huge price tag on getting a route permit, without which one can’t ply the roads. This cost has kept competition at bay. An existing association’s recommendation is practically mandatory for one to acquire a permit and make sure that he gets to run his business without any threat after he does. How the syndicate has been able to erect this barrier would make for a story for another day, but this has effectively put prospective entrepreneurs at check.
3. Limited Choices
So why don’t buses with vacant seats ever show up? Well, the answer is the aforementioned barrier to entry created by the syndicate. Limiting competition and taking away all the profit from the industry is what the syndicate stands for. And while it does that, the ones who suffer are the consumers. Consumers are compelled to board those overcrowded busses with worn out seats and poor services because the syndicate restrains supply.
Arduous, frustrating and hectic are probably the three words that best describe travelling in a public transport in Nepal. Breaking this syndicate would not only bring competitiveness into the industry, but also bring more choices and better services for the consumers. And yet (even after the Supreme Court’s order to deal with the syndicate) the law enforcement mechanism lays mere witness to the nuances of the syndicate.