Category Archives: Econ-ity Events

Anil Chitrakar on Alternative Energy Solution in Nepal

Anil Chitrakar summarizing one of the audience’s take on making Nepal an energy-independent country during an econ-ity session on the topic ‘Energy Mix to Power Nepal’ which was organized with the joint efforts of FNCCI and Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. Mr. Chitrakar was the moderator at the event.

Anil Chitrakar summarizing Dr. Subarna Das Shrestha’s take on making energy sector of Nepal more competitive.

Anil Chitrakar summarizing Dr. Subarna Das Shrestha’s take on what kind of energy policy should be formulated in Nepal.

About Astha Joshi

Astha completed her undergraduate degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) and is working as a research assistant at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation.

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Dr. Govind Raj Pokharel on alternative energy for Nepal

Prof. Dr. Govind Raj Pokharel, Executive Director, Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC) talking about categorization of energy consumers in Nepal and the urgency to formulate a policy to regulate energy sector during an econ-ity session on the topic ‘Energy Mix to Power Nepal’ which was organized with the joint efforts of FNCCI and Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. The event was moderated by Anil Chitrakar.

Prof. Dr. Govind Raj Pokharel, offers a solution to the load-shedding problem in Kathmandu by mobilising alternative sources of energy.

Prof. Dr. Govind Raj Pokharel, shares a micro-hydro success story of Riga VDC in Baglung. He sheds light on the governance and management of the community project and encourages more private participation in the energy sector.

About Astha Joshi

Astha completed her undergraduate degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) and is working as a research assistant at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation.

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Econity- Energy Mix to Power Nepal

econity2

Econity, a monthly media forum jointly organized by Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FNCCI) and Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation presents this month’s economic discussion on “Talks on Energy Mix to Power Nepal”.

The talk will focus on the current energy crisis in Nepal and the possibilities of using alternative energy such as hydropower, solar, bio mass /gas technology. These alternative sources, especially solar power would not only help in resolving the energy crisis but can also bea significant revenue source if solar energy is connected to the national grid and if the government creates a net-metering policy.

Similarly, Bio mass technology looks viable in the rural areas given the number of livestock—the waste from which can be used for both agricultural as well as energy generation purposes.As the mass usage of traditional biomass like firewood and dung negatively affects the health of people, promotion of clean energy from biogas technology needs to be looked into.

We discuss all these possibilities tomorrow at Hotel Himalaya, Kupondole, 11 A.M – 1 P.M The talk would be moderated by Mr. Anil Chitrakar and will feature representatives from the Ministry of Energy, Water and Energy Commission Secretariat/ IPPANN, representatives from Solar, biomass and wind energy sector who would talk on feasibility, benefit and challenges in each of these sectors.

Post documentation of the Proceedings and reports from econity which will be published in econity’s website- www.econitynepal.com as well as facebook page – https://www.facebook.com/pages/Econ-ity/460798534031710

About Astha Joshi

Astha completed her undergraduate degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) and is working as a research assistant at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation.

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आगामी चुनावमा राजनैतिक पार्टीका आर्थिक एजेण्डा

नेपाल उद्योग वाणिज्य महासंघ, नेपाल आर्थिक पत्रकार समाज र समृद्धि फाउन्डेसनको संयुक्त आयोजनामा आज मिति २०७० असाोज २० गते इकोनीति नामक कार्यक्रममा “आगामी चुनावमा राजनैतिक पार्टीका आर्थिक एजेण्डा” नामक विषमा छलफल सम्पन्न भयो । नेपालमा राजनैतिक विषयमा छलफल गर्ने पर्याप्त मञ्चहरु भए तापनि आर्थिक विषयमा केन्दि«त भएर बहस गर्ने थलोको कमी छ । त्यसैले आर्थिक विषयमा आवश्यक बहस गरी प्रभावकारी नीति, नियम, एवं कानुन निर्माण गर्न यस किसिमको कार्यक्रम आयोजना गरिएको हो । आजको छलफलमा नेपाली काँगे्रस, नेकपा एमाले, नेकपा एमाओवादीका पूर्व अर्थमन्त्रीहरु, नेपाल उद्योग वाणिज्य महासंघका प्रतिनिधीहरु, विश्वविद्यालयका प्राध्यापकहरु, पत्रकारहरु, अनुसन्धानकर्ताहरु एवं विद्यार्थीहरुको उत्साहजनक उपस्थिति थियो ।

कार्यक्रमको सरुवातमा समृद्धि फाउन्डेसनका कार्यकारी निर्देशक श्री रविन सिटौलाले यस कार्यक्रमको उपादयता माथि प्रकाश पार्नुभयो । त्यसैगरी नेपाल उद्योग वाणिज्य महासंघको महानिर्देशक डा. हेमन्त दवाडीले यस कार्यक्रमबाट आएको निचोड ब्लग, वेबसाइट र मासिक समाचारपत्रका माध्ययमले जनता समक्ष लाने कुराको जानकारी दिनुभयो । नेपाल उद्योग वाणिज्य महासंघका अध्यक्ष सुरज वैद्यले यस किसिमको कार्यक्रमले निजी क्षेत्रलाई प्रतिक्रियात्मक मात्र नभएर आर्थिक नीति निर्माणमा अग्रसक्रिय भूमिका खेल्न सहयोग पु¥याउछ भन्नुभयो । त्यसैगरी उहाँले नेपालमा रोजगारी सृजना हुन नसकेको हुँदा धेरै नेपाली खाडी मुलुकहरुमा आफ्नो ज्यान दाउमा राखेर कठिन श्रम गर्न वाध्य भएको तीतो यथार्थ सबै समक्ष व्यक्त गर्नुभयो । यस्तो स्थितिको अन्त्य गर्न नेपाल उद्योग वाणिज्य महासंघले समृद्धि फाउन्डेसनसंगको सहकार्यमा कृषि, शिक्षा, जलविद्युत, भौतिक पुर्वाधार (यातायात) र पर्यटनको क्षेत्रमा अनुसन्धान गरेर नेपाल आर्थिक वृद्धि एजेण्डा प्रकाशित गरेको छ । यसले दिएको सुझावहरुलाई पनि राजनैतिक पार्टीका घोषण पत्रमा समावेश गर्नुपर्ने कुरालाई जोड दिनुभयो । त्यसैगरी श्रम सम्बन्धी विषयमा भएको समझदारी उल्लङ्घन हुने गरी राजनैतिक पार्टीहरुले एकलौटी रुपमा आफ्नो घोषणा पत्रमा ल्याय त्यसको निजी क्षेत्रले विरोध गर्ने बताउनुभयो ।

त्यसैगरी नेकपा एमालेका पूर्व उपप्रधान तथा अर्थमन्त्री भरतमोहन अधिकारीले आउदो पाँच वर्ष भित्र विद्युत अभावको चरम समस्या अन्त्य गर्न भण्डारण क्षमताका आयोजनाहरु निर्माण गर्नुपर्ने र यस क्षेत्रमा देखिएका जग्गाको अधिकरण एवं प्रसारण लाइनको समस्या हल गर्ने नीति उहाँको पार्टीको घोषणा पत्रमा राख्ने बताउनुभयो । नेपालमा समय–समयमा हुने बन्द, हड्ताल जस्ता आर्थिक गतिविधिलाई असर गर्ने गतिविधि सदाको लागि बन्द गर्ने विषय नेकपा एमालेले आफ्नो चुनावी घोषणा पत्रमा राख्ने र प्रभावकारी रुपमा कार्यान्वयन गर्ने कुराको जानकारी दिनुभयो । सोही पार्टीका अर्का वत्ता पूर्व अर्थमन्त्री सुरेन्द« पाण्डेले नेपाली राष्ट्रियता प्रवर्धन गर्ने र जनतामा रहेको असन्तुष्टि हटाउने राम्रो माध्ययम आर्थिक विकास भएको कुरा बताउनुभयो । पूर्व अर्थमन्त्री पाण्डेले कृषि क्षेत्रको विकास गर्न करार कानुन आवश्यक रहेको र यस विषय उहाँको पार्टीको घोषणा पत्रमा राख्ने कुरा बताउनुभयो ।

नेपाली काँग्रेसको सरकारमा पटक–पटक अर्थमन्त्री भइसकेका डा. रामशरण महतले आर्थिक स्वतन्त्रता भएपछि मानिसहरुले आफ्नो उद्यमशीलता एवं सृजनशीलता देखाएर समृद्धिको बाटोमा अग्रसर हुने र यसै प्रक्रियाद्धारा देशको विकास हुने कुरा बताउनुभयो । यस किसिमको नीतिलाई नेपाली काँग्रेसले प्राथमिकता दिदै २०४८, २०४९ र २०५० सालमा आवश्यक पर्ने कानुनहरुको निर्माण गरेको र आगामी चुनावी घोषणा पत्रमा पनि यसै नीतिलाई निरन्तरता दिने बताउनुभयो । यसका अतिरिक्त विद्यालय, उद्योग, जलविद्युत आयोजना आदिलाई शान्ति क्षेत्र घोषण गर्ने नीति पनि आफ्नो पार्टीले घोषणा पत्रमा प्रमुखताका साथ राख्ने बताउनुभयो ।

नेकपा एमाओवादी पूर्व अर्थमन्त्री वर्षमान पुनले ग्रामीण क्षेत्रमा बस्ने र विपन्न वर्गको पनि आर्थिक विकास गर्न उहाँको पार्टीले समावेशी संघात्मक प्रणालीलाई अघि सारेको र सोही विषय घोषणा पत्रमा समट्ने सबैलाई अवगत गराउनुभयो । त्यसैगरी कृषिमा व्यवसायीकरण, जलविद्युतको विकास, सुशासन आदि विषयहरुलाई उहाँको पार्टीले घोषणा पत्रमा प्रमुखताका साथ उठाउने बताउनुभयो । लामो समयसम्म प्राध्यापन पेशामा संलग्न प्रा. डा. मदन दाहालले नेपालका राजनैतिक पार्टीहरुले चुनावी घोषण पत्रमा कृषिको व्यवसायीकरण, महँगी न्यूनीकरण गर्ने उपायहरु, जनताको जीवनस्थर उकास्ने कार्यक्रमहरु राख्नुपर्ने कुरा बताउनुभयो ।

नेपालमा प्रजातन्त्रको पुनस्थापना पछि उदार नीति अबलम्वन गर्न कर्मचारीको तर्फबाट प्रभावकारी भूमिका खेल्नुभएका पूर्व उद्योग सचिव डा. भोलानाथ चालिसेले राजनैतिक पार्टीहरुको अनुसन्धान गर्ने परिपाटी नभएको र नेपालको शैक्षिक क्षेत्रले पनि यस विषयमा पर्याप्त मात्रामा सघाउन नसकेको बताउनुभयो । त्यसैगरी नेपालको नीति निर्माणमा प्रभावकारी भूमिका खेल्ने दातृ निकाय पनि सही सूझाव दिन चुकेको कुरा अवगत गराउनुभयो । डा. चालिसेले नेपालमा जलविद्युत विकास गर्न भण्डारण क्षमतामा आयोजनाहरु निर्माण गर्नुपर्ने र यसका लागि नेपाल विद्युत प्राधिकरणले दिनको विभिन्न समयमा हुने विद्युतको माग अनुसार मूल्य निर्धारण गर्नुपर्ने बताउनुभयो ।

कार्यक्रमको अन्त्यमा नेपाल आर्थिक पत्रकार समाजका अध्यक्ष विज्ञान अधिकारीले नेपालमा सुशासन कायम गर्न राजनैतिक पार्टीहरु जिम्मेवार रहेको तर सार्वजनिक संस्थानहरुमा सरकारले प्रशस्त लगानी गरे पनि उपलब्धि भने न्यून रहेको जनाउनुभयो । त्यसैगरी आयात प्रतिस्थापित गर्न कृषि क्षेत्रको उत्पादकत्व बढाउनु पर्ने बताउनुभयो । यस कार्यक्रमको संचालन नागरिक पत्रिकाका सम्पादक श्री प्रतीक प्रधानले गर्नुभएको थियो ।

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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Economic Freedom of the World 2013 launched in Nepal

In the first episode of Econ-ity, Economic Freedom of the World Report 2013 was released in Nepal and discussed upon on September 18, 2013.  The annual peer-reviewed Economic Freedom of the World report is produced by the Fraser Institute, Canada’s leading public policy think-tank, in cooperation with independent institutes in 80 nations and territories, including Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation from Nepal. The report is prepared by economists James Gwartney, Robert Lawson, & Joshua Hall for the institute and measures the degree of economic freedom citizens of different countries around the world enjoy. The report measures 42 different components of economic freedom to determine the overall economic freedom scenario of an economy. Economic freedom is measured in five different areas: (1) size of government, (2) legal structure and security of property rights, (3) access to sound money, (4) freedom to trade internationally, and (5) regulation of credit, labor, and business.

economic-freedom-report-release-2013

According to the report, this year Nepal ranks 125th out of 152 nations in economic freedom with a score of 6.19 out of ten. Nepal had ranked 110th out of 144 countries last year with a score of 6.33 out of 10. Following the performance of Nepal in different components of the economic freedom:

Size of government:
Worsened from 8.34 to 7.6 (31st in the world)

Legal structures and security of property rights:
Improved from 3.85 to 4.2 (126th in the world)

Access to sound money:
Slightly improved from 6.26 to 6.3 (136th in the world)

Freedom to trade internationally:
Worsened from 6.74 to 6.4 (118th in the world)

Regulation of credit, labor and business:
Slightly improved from 6.47 to 6.5 (109th in the world)

Dr. Bholanath Chalise, Dr. Chiranjibi Nepal, Mr. Baburam Nepal, Dr. Bishambhar Pyakurel and Dr. Hemant Dabadi spoke about Nepal’s performance in the five components of the index.

Speaking about size of government, Dr. Bholanath Chalise focused on the need to have a limited but effective and efficient role of the government unlike the case of Nepal where government is found of have unlimited size and negligible effectiveness. He further added that the government’s role should be limited to curtailing monopoly, safeguarding rights and providing security, and implementation and enforceability of contracts.  He drew comparisons from around the world to show how the limited size of government had helped countries like Hong Kong, Singapore achieve a greater level of economic freedom. He criticized the context of Nepal where much was left to the domains of government and how the dependency had brought about more evils than good in terms of economic freedom.

Dr. Nepal provided his insights on “legal structure and security of property rights”. He shed light that Nepal ranked 125th in this regard in the report, which was not at all a sign of free economy. He shared how he found property rights to be the dividing element between whether people prosper or fall under poverty. He constantly focused on the need to respect individual property rights and how the legal system in any country should be responsible in catering to that right of its citizens. He criticized the way property rights in Nepal were being encroached upon in reference to the road expansion programme in the Kathmandu valley. If hinted that if the country’s legal system continues to overlook the importance of individual property rights the consequences will be dire.

Mr. Babu Ram Nepal said that “freedom to trade internationally” is the primary factor of economic freedom. He shared that trade was the way to bring about positive economic changes and that poor became poor not because of the market but because of lack of access to market. He shared example on how other nations that are open to international trade have prospered and the policy makers in Nepal need to learn from these stories. Protectionism provided to local industries will, in the longer run, hamper the domestic economic.

Dr. Pyakuryal explained the concept of sound money and why the status of “access to sound money” is a vital element in determining the level of economic freedom in any economy. He stated that the rules and directives imposed by the government of Nepal do not favor the access to sound money. The current regulations encourage the private sector to evade the taxes. He added that unless a thorough reform in the financial policies is made, Nepal cannot progress in the ranking nor can prosper.

Dr. Dabadi shared his insights on “regulation of credit, labor, and business”.  Credit, labor and business, he shared were important elements of economy and there was a need to regulate these elements or else cartels, black-markets, politicized trade unions and corrupt market practices would take town the possibilities of economic freedom. He shared that the business environment in Nepal was characterized by lack accountability and transparency and practices ranging from corruption to monopolization were way too evident from economic growth to sustain and hence there was a need to foster good governance.

Surath Giri

About Surath Giri

Surath Giri is a student of Economics and works as Research & Publications Coordinator at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He also writes for Khabar South Asia, a south Asian online news portal.

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