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Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

Power of the People

Nepal is located in a seismically active zone and is considered the eleventh most vulnerable place on earth from earthquake disaster point of view; Nepal did not recently move to this top spot. The earthquake that severely affected at least 14 districts caused complex problems with loss of life and property. Till date, the worst hit district is Sindhupalchowk, with death toll of over 3200 and more than 90 percent of the houses completely destroyed. The rescue and relief works that are supposed to reach within 24 and 72 hours respectively could not reach within that period due to difficult topography and subsequent landslides that made the transportation of materials impossible. Nepal has no reputation of being prepared for setbacks.

The residents of Baruwa (Sindhupalchowk), Satyadevi, Serthun, Jharlang (Upper Dhading), Mairung, Jibjibe, Borle (Rasuwa) were disconnected from the capital city for more than a week, from where rescue and relief operations were initiated with the help of national and international expert teams. Nepalese security agencies, including Nepal Army, Nepal Police and Armed Police Force did a commendable work with limited resources which they have. Nepalese security forces lacked enough number of helicopters, machines that are used for drilling concrete structure, search-and-rescue robots, unmanned rotorcrafts and other equipments to conduct crucial work of rescue. Therefore, the foreign rescuers, including India, China, Israel, Japan, and Turkey came to Nepal after getting government permission to do search and rescue.

The earthquake that occurred on 25th April has not only shaken the ground, but also the governance system as it largely failed to provide basic facilities to affected people at the time of utmost need. However, the self-initiatives taken by individuals, institutions, clubs and community based organizations (CBOs) were praiseworthy. The individuals of different parts of the country have rushed towards Gorkha, Sindhupalchowk, Rasuwa, Nuwakot, Kavre, Dolakha and other severely affected districts with food, tents, blankets, medicines, clothes etc with the true spirit of volunteerism. The representatives of Non-Resident Nepalese (NRN), Non-Government Organizations, and even profit making companies reached remote places for supporting the needy people prior to the government agencies showing their presence. This delay in government initiated relief work is due to the fact that their activities have to go through lengthy bureaucratic processes.

In addition to this, various individuals have taken initiatives in cleaning activities, distribution of drinking water, clearance of rubble and even taking dead bodies out from debris of damaged houses. Many people volunteered in hospitals, health camps and wherever possible to provide medical services. College students were busy in providing psychosocial counseling and education related to awareness especially to children and women in temporary shelters. This kind of selfless activity has definitely increased our willingness to help needy people who are residing in remote locations of our country and who are in very vulnerable conditions after the loss of shelter.

Primarily, the absence of an efficient   coordination mechanism with clear lines of responsibility at different levels hampered rapid mobilization of government agencies responsible for providing emergency response. The delay in distribution has led to the relief materials sent by international communities to rot at the airport warehouse; and in humongous quantities. The relief materials, which have hardly reached Village Development Committees (VDCs), could not reach ward level because of absence of local representatives for nearly two decades. Therefore, the victims in remote locations have had to live without food, tents and medical facilities for more than a week. It is not possible to provide all emergency facilities by a VDC secretary as s/he cannot take critical decisions due to non-political nature of the work. If there were locally elected people, they would have taken greater ownership and responsibility because they have better knowledge and information of local community. Such an arrangement would have also kept the misuse of relief materials at check.

Furthermore, the lack of local bodies has also increased undue pressure on the Constituent Assembly members as they need to do the works which otherwise would have been done by locally elected people or representatives of District Development Committees (DDCs). Therefore, it is only natural that they could not give enough time in formulating effective policy for earthquake victims and effectively coordinate with security agencies responsible for rescue and relief operations. The dilemma regarding distribution of tents and collection of funds from national and international supporters for victims through only one channel occurred due to lack of knowledge about the ground level reality to the cabinet members and lack of proper coordination among all stakeholders.

This deadly disaster, which has taken the life and property of thousands of people, has united all Nepalese – who are divided on social and political issues – to serve for those who are badly affected. Nepalese people who have been residing in other countries have also helped by raising funds or directly serving in hard-hit areas. The role of self motivated people should not be undermined in the reconstruction phase as it brings back social cohesion that existed among all Nepalese for centuries.  This is the only way that helps to overcome challenges brought by the catastrophic earthquake.

(This article was published in The Himalayan Times on 24th May, 2015 and can be read in the following link http://epaper.thehimalayantimes.com/epaperpdf/24052015/24052015-md-hr-19.pdf)

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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Limited Government and Maximum Governance

The development activities were carried out relatively rapidly during the three-decade Panchayat although the country was ruled under single party system. A lot of infrastructural developments took place then. The roads of Nepal, Mahendra Highway, Arniko Highway (that connects Nepal with China), Tribhuvan Highway, Kulekhani Hydropower Project (the only one storage type project in Nepal), were built during the same period. Institutions such as Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA), Nepal Telecommunication Corporation, Nepal Drinking Water Corporation, and Nepal Airline Corporation (NAC) which were very essential for providing electricity, communication, water and air services to the people were created during the direct regime of the King which lasted till 1990. The development process is similar in other countries as economic development is initiated with the involvement of government intervention.

However, the involvement of government is not a sufficient condition for bringing prosperity at every nook and corner of the country because it monopolizes resources available and, hence, looses the incentive to utilize these resources efficiently in the absence of active participation of private sectors, which is quick in decision-making and following innovative practices. This is very true in case of Nepal as well as evinced by several examples in service and production sectors.

The generation of electricity has increased after deregulating energy sector by bringing Electricity Act in 1992. Private initiatives have already contributed to adding more than 237 MW of electricity to the national grid. Currently, around 44 projects, with a total capacity of 338 MW are under different stages of construction, and 76 hydroelectric projects that can contribute 711 MW to the national grid have already concluded Power Purchasing Agreements (PPAs) with the NEA. The output of electricity is expected to increase after complete deregulation in distribution as well transmission system as it solves one of the critical constraints – the construction of transmission lines by acquiring private land – of this sector. The government has recently decided to form a Transmission Company by including all the stakeholders such as Ministry of Finance (MoF), Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, Ministry of Land Reforms and Management, Ministry of Information and Communications, Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Home Affairs, and general public in order to solve the problems being faced by 18 different projects (worth over 650 MW) – continuous delay in construction of transmission system being the major one.

Access to mobile as well as landline phone has also risen after involvement of Ncell, United Telecom Limited (UTL), Nepal Telecom Satellite Private Limited (Hello Nepal), and through structural change of Nepal Telecommunication Corporation by disinvesting government’s share to its staff and general public and rebranding the same company as Nepal Telecom. These are just a few examples of sectorial development that Nepalese people have observed in the recent past. The easy access on phone has helped in overall development of the country as the farmers living in remote parts of the country can access necessary information such as the price, demand, supply and stock of their product, and initiate new ventures with the support of internet facility that is available in the mobile phones.

Liberalization, followed by privatisation is needed in an economy to mobilize human resources effectively and efficiently, reduce unnecessary expenditure, and manage other available resources more wisely. Furthermore, the involvement of private sector is very helpful for avoiding additional costs associated with insurance, pension and so on. Every year, Nepalese government has to allocate a large chunk of budget for such expenditure which increases with increase in number of employees.

On top of this, it is not necessary for private sector to follow lengthy recruitment processes that requires an examinee to go through a series of exams that lasts for more than a year. They do not have to worry about being unable to fire any staff unless they are legally declared unsound. It is widely accepted fact that without the presence of vibrant private sector, there is possibility of monopolization of the resources that reduces the chance of innovation – which actually results in fewer jobs in the country.

While the private sector helps in achieving high growth trajectory by judicious use of all forms of resources in the country, the government too can aid by maintaining rule of law, providing free and fair justice, and protecting private property. Only a decade ago, nobody wanted to establish any new enterprises in the Indian State of Bihar. This was also before Nitish Kumar came into power as the Chief Minister at a time when entrepreneurs were mugged, extorted and threatened by criminals. There was no security of life and property.

Today, many domestic and foreign entrepreneurs who want to invest in Nepal are not ready to do so due to lack of security of their property and absence of proper patient rights. Therefore, the government should make every effort to create an enabling environment for doing business by formulating necessary policies that bring efficiency to the economy, incentivize investments, and promote the culture of entrepreneurship.

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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Banda and its Impacts

“Nepal Banda” is not new to Nepal. The frequency of strikes and blockades increased with the establishment of multi-party democracy in Nepal in 1990. The CPN (UML), which was the major opposition force back then, started the culture of Nepal Banda in order to express their dissatisfaction with the ruling parties. Ever since, whenever the opposition parties disagree over a certain policy, Act or treaty, it has become fashionable among the political elites to call nationwide or regional strike thereby blocking roads, closing down educational institutions, enterprises, and other economic activities. This sort of practice has often been organized for “bringing change in the government or existing regime.” Less than a decade ago, there was a nation-wide strike called the seven major political parties against the direct rule of King Gyanendra which successfully overthrew the monarchy from Nepal relatively peacefully.

The effect of strikes is most severe on those low-income groups of people who depend on their daily wages to earn a livelihood. Forceful shutdown of enterprises affects entrepreneurs and owners of all levels equally because they need to pay salary and other benefits to their workforce, in addition to having to pay rents on land and building, and interest on loans, all acquired from one financial institution or the other, whether or not there is any production at all. During Bandas, students are also deprived of their right to education in a peaceful environment. Schools and colleges fail to follow the academic calendar due to frequent protest programs. The problem becomes even worse when strikes target educational institutions by bringing issues such as banning private education, high fees in private organizations, rights of teachers, and the likes.

Health sector cannot remain untouched as people who want to receive healthcare are severely affected due to unavailibility of vehicles, which is a must for carrying sick patients. It is absolutely unfortunate that it is no more news when pregnant women, injured, disabled, old and weak people die on the way to hospital. The acts of forceful strike are as severe crimes which cannot be justified at all.

In Nepal, even the health workers, who are responsible for providing health service have been organizing strikes by closing hospital, health posts and clinics for several days in order to bring public attention to their demands. It is totally understandable if this fact comes as a surprise to a non Nepali. It speaks volumes about governance of our country – which is failing to deliver basic rights. Not a single section of a society is immune from the negative impacts of strikes.

When strikes are elongated for several days, the entire economy of a country is completely paralyzed as it shrinks almost all economic activities, from small mom-and-pop stores to stock markets. In addition to this, such disruptions discourage investors by creating uncertainty and unpredictability. Consequently, production of goods and services are reduced and eventually distance the people from job opportunities in Nepal itself. Underproduction also causes deficit balance of payment (BoP) as the country starts to depend more on foreign products and export less and less. Moreover, it hampers revenue collection which is the backbone for overall development of the nation.

Furthermore, a lot of public as well as private properties are destroyed during strikes. We have had situations where they have even cost human lives. In a nutshell, Bandas are not a civilized way of achieving any kind of demand as they hampers all activities and compel us to remain in a vicious circle of poverty.

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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Caught in Transmission Issues

Evacuation of electricity has become a bigger problem than power generation in Nepal due to absence of transmission lines. Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has a practical monopoly over construction of transmission lines; but it has been constantly confronted with a number of problems, leading to its inability to complete the targeted transmission line projects. Among all, acquiring land is the major one. Several alignments namely Thankot-Bhaktapur, Khimti-Dhalkebar, Hetauda-Bharatpur-Bardhaghat, Kusum-Hapure, Singati-Lamosanghu, Dumre-Damauli have not been completed for many years and a large number of projects have not gone into construction due to uncertainty in transmission line construction. Infrastructure sector like roads have alternatives such as railways, waterways, airways, but transmission lines have no substitutes. Therefore, if we want to see an end to the electricity problem in Nepal, we have no option but developing transmission system urgently.

RIGHT OF WAY

Acquiring land for Right of Way (RoW), constructing towers, and delay in securing timely clearance from forest department as well as security agencies, are some of the major challenges for developing transmission system. There is a field-level difficulty in acquiring private land for developing transmission system as people tend to feel that they are being unfairly treated by being forced to bear the cost for the benefit of other people. This perception of unfairness is the major source of dissatisfaction and social disruption. It is difficult for people to give up land for constructing any infrastructure because it separates them from their ancestral ties. Furthermore, the presence of a transmission line reduces the commercial value of the land to almost nil as it can’t be put for any alternative commercial use. As a result, people opt for not cooperating when it comes to this specific infrastructural development.

LOCAL INVOLVEMENT

The level of non-cooperation of local residents can be minimized by involving them in planning of transmission line projects from the very beginning. Authorized personnel do not involve the locals in the planning process in order to reduce the possibility of political opposition and cost of land acquisition. However, if the locals are involved from the very beginning of the planning process, they can support such development initiatives by suggesting workable alternatives. In a democratic society like ours, decisions should be taken after adequate discussion and interaction among the individuals and groups. A collaborative effort among all stakeholders can solve this issue. Furthermore, landowners, developers and technical people associated with planning and design could discuss in greater detail for creating better and more aesthetically pleasing communities which adds additional value to society in the end.

PROFITEERING PROBLEMS

During the development of transmission line in Nepal, while locals are not involved in the planning process, some informed people/insiders buy the land on low cost and later on, bargain with NEA and other responsible utilities for higher compensation. Such transactions are observed in many strategic locations where transmission line projects are being executed. Similar infiltration is suspected in Sinduli where the transmission system, consisting of only six towers, is incomplete. This sort of activities can be avoided if information is shared with the locals more effectively. Moreover, when participatory approach is followed, local residents will not feel ignored. It causes delay in planning process that often lead to increase in cost in the development stage, however, return will be far more than expenditures.

MARKET PRICES

Additionally, for the smooth construction of transmission related infrastructure, NEA should think of different ways to minimize the degree to which people feel unfairly treated. A market price based monetary compensation of land might reduce the feeling of having suffered a net loss from an unfair practice. The land owners, whose properties have to be acquired for building transmission system, are ready to provide their land if they get market value of their fixed assets. Similarly, if the affected people get some benefits from the project under benefit sharing mechanism, their dissatisfaction will be further reduced and may even turn out to be supportive of the development activities.

POWER DEVELOPMENT

Agriculture and Water Resource Committee (AWRC), the Parliamentary committee has identified that construction of transmission systems is a real bottleneck in development of power sector in Nepal. Therefore, the members of the committee have formed a subcommittee to conduct the detailed study on it and solve the critical constraints of energy sector. Acquiring land from the private owner for Right of Way (RoW) and constructing transmission towers are the major challenges and these cannot be resolved without providing marked based compensation to the affected land owners and including them in the planning process from the initial phase. Without such serious and timely reforms in the transmission system, the country’s problem in power sector cannot be solved and the shortage of power will lead to a greater loss of production of goods and services which also has serious implications on the country’s socio-economic stability. Therefore, reforms in transmission sector are essential not only for attaining a fast pace of economic growth by bringing efficiency in our economy but also for protecting our socio-political rights.

(This article was originally published in The Himalayan Times on 7th December, 2014. You can read it by clicking following link :

http://epaper.thehimalayantimes.com/Details.aspx?id=3921&boxid=158602890 )

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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Second Generation of Reforms for FDI

Uncategorized

A national level conference titled “Citizen’s Initiatives for Future Nepal IV” was collectively organized by Collective Campaign for Peace (COCAP), Samriddhi Foundation, Forest Action Nepal and other organizations at Orchid Hotel on 19th and 20th September, 2014. In the program, two plenary sessions and 11 parallel sessions in various aspects of Nepalese economic development took place. Samriddhi Foundation, which has been conducting research in various economic issues, presented two papers entitled “Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Prosperity” and “Macroeconomic Policy Direction for Future Nepal”. Samriddhi’s Researcher Pramod Rijal got an opportunity to present the first paper on behalf of Samriddhi Foundation, and the session was chaired by Dr. Hemant Kumar Dawadi, Director General, Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FNCCI). Mr. Rishi Raj Koirala, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Industry was the commentator. This particular session is also a part of econity, which happens almost every month in participation of journalists, academicians, economists, bureaucrats, policy makers and other related stakeholders.

The presentation highlighted potential and problems for FDI in hydropower, agriculture, tourism, infrastructure and education. A series of reforms was proposed for attracting higher investments that can generate additional number of employment and bring better management practices and technology. The session was enriched by the intervention from the floor, constructive comments from the commentator and concluding remarks by the chair. Please click the link to download the paper and presentation and do share your comments, suggestion and advice.

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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खस्कदो औद्योगिक अवस्थाका प्रमुख कारणहरु

Industry1प्रजातन्त्रको पुनरवहालीसंगै नब्बेको दशकमा भएको नीतिगत सुधारले निजी क्षेत्रको सहभागितामा ६–७ प्रतिशतको आर्थिक वृद्धि हासिल भएको थियो जसमा औद्यौगिक क्षेत्रको देन ९ प्रतिशतसम्म पुगेको थियो । तर, देशमा माओवादी द्धन्द्धमा फसेपछि व्यवसायिक वातावरण बिग्रदै गयो जसको कारणले गर्दा आर्थिक वृद्धि न्यून भयो र सन् २००१ मा आउँदा त आर्थिक वृद्धि नकारात्मक नै भयो । अर्थतन्त्रमा देखिएको नकारात्मक असर अनुसार नेपालको कुल गाह्रस्थ उत्पादनमा उद्योग क्षेत्रको देन पनि क्रमशः घटदै गयो । बाह्र बुँदे समझदारी संगै शान्ति स्थापनाका लागि स्वदेशी तथा विदेशी शुभचिन्तकहरुको सहयोगमा विभिन्न प्रयासहरुको थालनी भयो र माओवादी सैन्य समायोजन पछि दशवर्षे द्धन्द्धको लगभग अन्त्य भयो ।
देशमा प्रथम र दोस्रो गरी दुई संविधान सभाको चुनाव भए तापनि व्यवसायिक वातावरण सुधार हुन सकेन । यसको प्रमुख कारणहरु तल प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ ।

१. ऊर्जा अभाव
ऊर्जा कम आपुर्ति हुनु नै आद्योगिक विकास नहुनुको पहिलो समस्या हो किनभने उद्यमीहरुले विद्युत उपलब्ध नभएपछि यसको विकल्पमा डिजेल जेनेरेटर चलाएर विद्युत आपूर्ति गर्नुपर्दछ । यसले कुनै पनि उत्पादन मुलक कार्यको लागत वृद्धि गरिदिन्छ जसको कारणले गर्दा मुनाफा कम हुन्छ । यसरी लामो समयावधिसम्म लोडसेडिङ् हुने र अन्य विकल्प अपनाउँदा लागत अत्याधिक बढ्ने हुनाले भएका उद्योग र कल–कारखानाहरु पनि बन्द हुने क्रममा छन् । यसका अतिरिक्त, विद्युत आपूर्ति भएको समयमा पनि समय–समयमा ट्रिपिङ्को समस्या हुन्छ र यसरी एक्कासी विजुली जाने कारणले गर्दा चलिरहेको मेसिन बिग्रने जस्ता समस्या सृजित भएको छ । भैरहवा र वीरगंज जस्ता औद्योगिक करिडोरहरुमा यो समस्या अत्याधिक देखिएको छ ।

२. श्रम सम्बन्ध
श्रमिक हक हितका लागि यूनियन आवश्यक भए तापनि नेपालका श्रमिक यूनियनहरु पार्टीगत रुपमा विभाजन भएको हुनाले राजनीतिक रंग बढी देखिन्छ । उनीहरुले आफूले काम गर्ने उद्योग भन्दा पनि राजनैतिक पार्टीको एजेण्डा बढी बोक्ने र त्यसैको आधारमा बन्द एवं हड्ताल जस्ता क्रियाकलाप गर्ने हुनाले यो क्षेत्र अस्थिर रहेको छ । यसका अलावा नेपालमा काम गर्ने श्रमिकहरुको शिक्षा, तालिम, इच्छाशक्ति आदिको अभावमा उत्पादकत्व बढ्न नसकेको र उत्पादकत्वको तुलनामा नेपाली श्रमिकहरुको ज्याला पनि महँगो पर्न गएको छ । यसका अतिरिक्त नेपालमा श्रमिकहरुलाई हायर र फायर गर्न सकिने नीति नभएको हुँदा पनि धेरै लगानीकर्ताहरु नेपालको औद्योगिक क्षेत्रममा लगानी गर्न डराउँछन् किनभने आवश्यकता नभएको समयमा कर्मचारीहरु कटौती गर्न नसकिने हुनाले लगानीकर्ताको अनावश्यक लागत बढाउँछ र अन्य व्ययभार थपिदिन्छ ।

३. व्यापार व्यवधान
आजको विश्वमा व्यापारको महत्व वढ्दै गइरहेको छ तर नेपालमा सीमा व्यापार झन्झटिलो छ किनभने कुनै पनि वस्तु आयात तथा निर्यात गर्न कठीन छ । अप्ठ्यारा भन्सारको प्रक्रिया, बन्दरगाह संचालनमा रहेको पारम्परिक विधि आदि र भौतिक पूर्वाधारमा रहेको कमिको कारणले व्यापारको लागत र समय बढाइदिन्छ । विश्व बैंकले निकालेको डुईङ विजनेसको प्रतिवेदन अनुसार कुनै पनि सामान निर्यात गर्नका लागि नेपालमा ११ वटा कागजातहरु चाहिन्छ जबकि विकसित राष्ट्रहरुमा जम्मा ४ वटा र दक्षिण एसियाली राष्ट्रहरुमा औसत ८ वटा कागजपत्रहरु तयार पारे पुग्दछ । लामो कागजी प्रक्रियाले गर्दा धेरै सन्दर्भमा कतिपय सामानहरु भन्सारमा रहेर बिग्रने, हराउने र समयमा आवश्यक परेको ठाउँमा पु¥याउन नसक्दा दण्ड जरिवाना तिर्नुपर्ने वा अर्को पटकदेखि माग नै नआउने जस्ता समस्या देखापर्दछ । त्यसैले यस प्रक्रियालाई पनि समयानुकुल बनाउनुपर्दछ ।

४. कर तिर्नमा कठिनाइ
देश विकास गर्नको लागि करको भूमिका उल्लेखनीय हुन्छ । विदेशी सहयोग र सहायतामा विकास निर्माणका कार्यहरु गर्नु भन्दा आफ्नै साधन र स्रोतमा गर्दा परियोजनाको लागत कम हुनुका साथै प्रत्यक्ष र परोक्ष रुपमा हुने विदेशी हस्तक्षेप पनि कम हुन्छ । यी र अन्य कारणहरुले गर्दा हाम्रो देशमा पनि करदाताहरुको संख्या क्रमशः बढदै गइरहेको छ । यति हुँदाहुादै पनि आश्चर्य लाग्ने विषय के छ भने नेपालमा कुनै पनि उद्योग व्यवसायको कर तिर्न कर दाताले औसत रुपमा ३२६ घण्टा सयम खर्चनु पर्दछ जुन भूटान बाहेक अन्य देशहरु भन्दा खराब हो । त्यसैले गर्दा कर तिर्ने सुगमतामा नेपाल विश्वव्यापी रुपमा ११४औं स्थानमा छ । सन् २००८ देखि नै यस क्षेत्रमा खासै ठूलो सुधार देखिएको छैन ।

५. करार कार्यान्वयन
करार कार्यान्वयनको विषयमा भन्ने हो भने स्थिति अझ नाजुक छ किनभने करार कार्यान्वयनमा नेपालको स्थिति निराशाजनक छ । करार कार्यान्वयनका लागि ९१० दिन लाग्दछ भने माग गरेको २६.८ प्रतिशत रकम यस प्रक्रियामा नै खर्च हुन्छ । यसैको फलस्वरुप इच्छुक लगानीकर्ताहरु पनि नेपालमा लगानी गर्न अग्रसर हुदैनन् । उद्योग क्षेत्रमा भएको नगन्य लगानी पनि उचित वातावरणको अभावमा बंगलादेश, भारत, श्रीलंका लगायत अन्य देशमा स्थानान्तर भएको छ ।

यी सब प्रतिकुलताहरुले गर्दा नेपालमा उद्यमी, व्यवसायी एवं साधारण नेपालीहरुले गरि खाने वातावरण सृजना हुन सकेन । यसको परिणाम स्वरुप नेपालमा औद्योगिक क्षेत्रमा लगानी विकर्षण हुँदै गइरहेको छ । त्यसैले नेपालको औद्योगिक क्षेत्रलाई सन् नब्बेको दशकमा झैं सुनौलो दिनहरुमा लैजान र देश भित्र नै रोजगारको अवसर सृजना गर्न माथि उल्लेख गरिएका विषयमा सुधार गर्नुपर्दछ ।

Pramod Rijal

About Pramod Rijal

Pramod Rijal is a Research Associate at Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation. He is also a lecturer of Economics at Mega National and Unique College of Management and has contributed a number of articles in various national dailies.

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