Samriddhi Foundation has released a new policy analysis paper on Nepal’s Public Enterprises. The policy analysis paper titled “Policy Options for Public Enterprises Reform in Nepal: A look at two public enterprises” is prepared under the banner of NEGA 2014, which is preceded by NEGA 2012 and NEGA 2013. The Nepal Economic Growth Agenda (NEGA), first released in 2012, is an annual effort of Samriddhi Foundation to identify key constraints to Nepal’s economic growth and policy options for reform. NEGA 2012 identified and discussed policy constraints in five growth sectors of Nepal viz. Agriculture, Education, Hydropower, Transport Infrastructure and Tourism. NEGA 2013 focused on six cross-cutting issues viz. Industrial Relations, Contract Enforcement, Anti-Competitive Practices, and Foreign Direct Investment, Public Enterprises, and Regulatory environment for doing business. NEGA 2014 builds on The Foundation’s previous studies on hydropower, industrial relations and public enterprises. Of the three study reports produced under NEGA 2014, this study on public enterprises proposes policy options for reform of public enterprises through two case studies of Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) and Hetauda Cement Industry Limited (HICL). This policy analysis paper has been prepared in consultation with individuals and groups who are experts in the area or are involved in the mentioned organizations.
This policy analysis paper takes a look at two of the thirty six existing public enterprises in Nepal to propose concrete policy options for reform. Both NAC and HICL have been facing high cumulative losses and presence of unfunded liabilities due to operational inefficiencies and other problems. This paper analyses the poor performance of public enterprises from a policy perspective with an aim of identifying practical reform options and these reform options are mainly focused on improving the organizational efficiency either by bringing changes in the current working modality or by introducing a new modality based on a cost benefit analysis. The larger objective of conducting such analysis on two loss making PEs is to pave way for similar analysis of other public enterprises which are increasingly becoming a burden on taxpayers and consumers.
The paper can be downloaded here.